HR Glossary
Profit and loss statement

Profit and loss statement

Updated on:
August 22, 2022


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Table of Content

What is a profit and loss statement?

A profit and loss statement (P&L), also known as a financial statement, is a financial accounting document that shows the financial performance of a business over a specific period of time. It records the revenues and expenses of a business over a specific time period, with the resulting net loss or profit included in the calculation.

It's essentially a record of a company's revenues and expenses during an accounting period and summarizes its net income or net loss for the period. The profit and loss statement is one of the four standard financial statements that are key to summarizing a company's financial position at a specific point in time.

How Does a Company Benefit from a Profit and Loss Statement?

The profit and loss statement is one of the most useful and important financial statements for a company. It shows how a company generates revenue, breaks down expenses, and measures profitability. The profit and loss statement provides the information needed to assess a company’s rate of return and working capital requirements. It also helps companies make strategic business decisions such as when to expand.

The profit and loss statement shows how much money the company brings in and how much it spends. It also shows how much profit the company makes and how much it costs to produce this profit. It also indicates whether the company generates enough income to cover its expenses.

Profit and loss statements are necessary in order to track the financial performance of a business. They provide key information about a company's income, expenses, and profits. This information is essential in making sound business decisions and in assessing a company's overall financial health.

How Do You Calculate Profit and Loss?

You can calculate profit and loss by subtracting your total expenses from your revenues over a set period. 

P & L / Net Profit = Revenues - Expenses