HR Glossary
Standard Deduction

Standard Deduction

Updated on:
August 22, 2022


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Table of Content

What is the Standard Deduction?

The standard deduction is an amount that a taxpayer is allowed to subtract from their taxable income and is subtracted from their gross income to arrive at a tax basis. The universal standard deduction is the amount of gross income that a taxpayer can subtract from their adjusted gross income, The standard deduction varies by income level.

Some of the big deduction that can be itemized include:

  1. Student loan interest
  2. Charitable donations
  3. Medical expenses
  4. Residential energy
  5. Home office

Who Isn’t Eligible for the Standard Deduction?

The Standard Deduction is a personal business deduction that typically reduces taxable income and is taken by most people, Standard Deductions do not affect everyone. The main determining factor is that the taxpayer must have a taxable income of $6,350 or less (and must file a single return).

Standards deductions are necessary in order to have a simplified tax system that encourages compliance and reduces administrative costs. By having a standard deduction, taxpayers are able to reduce their taxable income by a set amount, which results in less tax owed. This deduction also results in fewer taxpayers itemizing their deductions, which further simplifies the tax filing process.